Angels are mentioned about 180 times in the O.T. and about 165 times in the N.T. The word “angel” literally means “messenger”. In the Old & New Testament they are a simple term that describes powerful spirit beings who inhabit invisible, spiritual realms.
Angels have not existed from all eternity as God has. In the statement from 1 Timothy 6:16, it is said that God “only has immortality”. The Bible reveals that angels had a “beginning” that took place when God created them.
1. What does Psalm 148:5 tell about the creation of angels?
2. What do you learn from Colossians 1:16?
The time of the creation of angels isn’t precisely given in the Bible, but it was probably in connection with the creation of the heavens in Genesis 1:1.
3. What do you learn from Job 38:4 7 about what the angels did when they saw the creation of the earth?
4. Angels are given various names in the Bible. Look up the following verses and write down what they are called.
5. Often, people want to know how many angels there are. The next few verses give some information about the number of angels. How many angels are mentioned in:
(At that time a Roman legion had between 3,000 & 6,000 men)
6. In Luke 2:13, how many angels were present at the birth of Jesus?
7. In Mark 12:24,25; Jesus is answering a question put to him about a woman who was a widow, having had several husbands. They wanted to know which of the men she would be married to in heaven. As Jesus answered the question, He gives some interesting information about angels. In Mark 12:25, what did He say?
For any living thing to be a “person” or have “personality”, they must first of all have the ability to think (intellect); the ability to “feel” (emotions); to be able to “choose” certain things (will), especially about their behavior (moral responsibility).
Answer the following questions to discover the “personality” of angels.
8. 1 Peter 1:12 talks about those who have preached the gospel. What does it say about angels in relation to the gospel?
9. In Psalm 148:2; what are the angels commanded to do?
10. What do the angels do (in Luke 15:10) when just one sinner repents and believes the gospel?
11. 2 Peter 2:4, speaks of judgment against certain angels. Why?
12. In Jude 6, how is their sin described?
13. How have some of them been punished so far and how will be punished in the future?
14. Revelation 19:10 describes an incident when the writer, John, fell down to worship an angel. What did the angel say? What did the angel call himself?
15. Read Revelation 1:20. Some translations render the “seven stars” as being the “angels” of the seven churches. In this case, what are “angels”? If not “heavenly beings, then how can you be certain that these are not?
a. Read Genesis 16:7-10. Who is the “Angel of the Lord”? How can we know?
b. Read Genesis 19:1-22. What was the role of angels to Lot and his family?
c. Read Genesis 22:11-18. Who is the “Angel of the Lord”?
d. Read Exodus 3:2. Who is the “angel of the Lord”?
e. Read Judges 2:1-4 Who is the “Angel of the Lord”?
This “exercise” is simply to point out that the word that was translated in English as “angel” was not always speaking of an “angelic” being.
16. Read Revelation 22:8,9 about a similar incident. Whom did the angel say John should worship?
17. Paul warns us (in Colossians 2:18) about those who would trick us. What created beings would they want us to worship?
18. The Bible says angels have a special responsibility to Christians. Look up the following verses. Tell in your own words what you think they are responsible for.
WHAT ABOUT THE ANGELS THAT SINNED?
In the previous section we discovered verses from the Bible that spoke of angels that sinned. It also spoke about their punishment. Any discussion about angels must include information about those that sinned. We need to discover when their sin occurred, what happened to them as a result and the completion of their punishment.
When angels were created; they were all created perfect. In the account of creation in the first chapter of Genesis, we are told seven different times, all that God made was good. That indicates that everything God created was without sin, including the angels. But we have studied about Satan and how he became evil and we have studied about angels that have sinned. Satan was, no doubt, the leader of the group and caused their sinful condition.
There is an interesting picture that Revelation 12:1 4 presents as it depicts Israel as the woman of v.1, Jesus as being the child of v.2 and Satan as being the dragon of v.3.
As you read the passage, notice that the dragon drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. Many scholars believe this is a picture of the fall of Satan and his action of deceiving one third of the angels (“stars”) of heaven into following him. As a result of their punishment it appears they are now denied the open access to God that was once available to them and are now confided to activities here on earth. It is very possible that these angels that sinned, now under the authority of Satan, have become his own special “messengers” and are the demons of Scripture.
Scripture doesn’t tell us when evil became present in the perfect creation of God, but it is clear that the fall of the angels occurred before the fall of man, since Satan entered the Garden in the form of a serpent and tempted Eve to sin. The problem is, we can’t say with any certainty of how long before the sin of Adam and Eve the angels sinned.
The Bible clearly teaches the existence of personal beings called demons who are also referred to by other descriptions. Look up the following verses. Write in the blanks the words used as “other names” for demons.
19. Matt. 10:1 Luke 8:2
Matt. 8:16 Mark 9:25
20. What do you discover about demons in the following verses?
Matt. 17:14 18
1 Tim. 4:1
2 Cor. 12:7
1 Cor. 7:5
James 3:13 16
21. In Matt. 12:24; what was the charge against Jesus?
22. What do you discover about demons in Mark 1:34 and Mark 5:7?
23. What is the final destiny of demons?