Shavuot aka First Fruits / Festival of Weeks (Pentecost)
Shavuot is a Jewish holiday that occurs on the sixth day of the Hebrew month of Sivan (may fall between 14 May–15 June).
The Portrait: Shavuot refers to the Jewish festival marking the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, which occurs seven weeks after Passover. The word Shavuot means weeks, and the festival of Shavuot marks the completion of the seven-week counting period between Passover and Shavuot. In the Talmud, Shavuot is referred to as “The Marriage Day.” What marriage occurred on this day? At Mount Sinai God gave mankind the gift of the Torah. Shavuot is thus considered a marriage between God and the people.
Fulfillment in Jesus Christ: Pentecost commemorates for Christians the day that God sent His Holy Spirit as Jesus Christ promised that He would. “These things I have spoken to you, that you should not be made to stumble. “They will put you out of the synagogues; yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service. “And these things they will do to you because they have not known the Father nor Me. “But these things I have told you, that when the time comes, you may remember that I told you of them. And these things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you. “But now I go away to Him who sent Me, and none of you asks Me, ‘Where are You going?’ “But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. “Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you. “And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: “of sin, because they do not believe in Me; “of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more; “of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. (John 16:1-12).
It was during Passover that Jesus Christ was crucified. It was seven weeks later, during Pentecost, that the promise was fulfilled: When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.Act 2:1-4
|Also called Pentecost, Shavuot is a harvest festival that is celebrated fifty days after the Exodus. To be exact, this festival occurs 50 days after the second day of Passover, Sunday.
Deuteronomy 16:9-12 “You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. “Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the LORD your G-d with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give just as the LORD your G-d blesses you; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your G-d, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite who is in your town, and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your midst, in the place where the LORD your G-d chooses to establish His name. “And you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.
“…This holiday commemorates the giving of the Law, the birthday of Judaism. It was fifty days following the Exodus that the children of Israel were encamped at Mt. Sinai. In Israel, Shavuot is also known as a harvest festival. During temple times the counting of the days began with waving the first-fruits of the early barley crop (Leviticus 23:9-14) and concluded with harvesting of spring wheat and bringing the first-fruits of figs, grapes, etc. Two loaves of bread baked with yeast were waved before the Lord as part of the Shavuot observance. There are three themes for this holiday: First-Fruits, Law, and Harvest.” Friends of Israel Understanding your Jewish Roots;
Leviticus 23:15-17 20-22 ‘You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the LORD…. ‘The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the LORD; they are to be holy to the LORD for the priest. ‘On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations. ‘When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field, nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the alien. I am the LORD your G-d.'”
Leviticus 23:9-14 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. ‘And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.’Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the LORD.
“Because it is set in the time of the harvest, the book of Ruth is traditionally read in the Synagogue during the celebration of Shavuot. Ruth, the Moabitess, convinced Naomi that she would follow her with these words: “Your people will be my people and your G-d my G-d.” Later Ruth, the Gentile, would marry her Kinsman Redeemer, Boaz, a Jewish man. Their son, Obed, would become the grandfather of King David, in the lineage of Yeshua, The Messiah.
The unity of Jew and Gentile in the body of Messiah is evidenced in the book of Ruth as well as in the sacrifices of the Feast of Shavuot. It speaks of the work accomplished by our Messiah and fulfilled in the lives of believers both Jewish and Gentiles, by the Holy Spirit. Ron Banjak Congregation Tikvat T’Zion
Unity through the Spirit of the Messiah
Act 2:1-4 When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
To create in Himself one new group…
Ephesians 2:15 by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace,
The Holy Spirit fell on the day of Pentecost,
Ephesians 3:6 …to be specific, that the Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in Messiah Yeshua through the good news.